As your public policy officer, I have joined the USACM. My goals are to introduce AI matters into USACM discussions and to relay AI-related ideas and issues from USACM to SIGAI members through blog postings.
Here is some information about USACM:
Mission The U.S. Public Policy Council of ACM (USACM) is chartered as the focal point for ACM’s interaction with U.S. government organizations, the computing community, and the U.S. public in all matters of U.S. public policy related to information technology and computing — except issues in science and math education relevant to computing and computer science, which is the responsibility of the Educational Policy Committee (EPC). The USACM Council superseded the former ACM U.S. Public Policy standing committee.
The USACM is authorized to take official policy positions. These positions reflect the position of the USACM and not necessarily that of ACM. Policy positions of USACM are decided by a majority vote of the USACM Executive Committee.
Committees Currently, USACM has the following seven standing committees listed below (with chairs):
USACM-Accessibility Harry Hochheiser (Accessibility & usability)
USACM-DigiGov Chris Bronk (Digital governance)
USACM-IP Paul Hyland (Intellectual property)
USACM-Law Andy Grosso (IT & Law)
USACM-Security Alec Yasinsac (Security)
USACM-Privacy Brian Dean (Privacy)
USACM-Voting Barbara Simons (Voting-related computing issues)
Working Groups Internet of Things (USACM-IOT)
Algorithmic Accountability (USACM-Algorithms)
Big Data (USACM-Data)
Welcome! This column is the third in our series profiling senior AI researchers. This month focuses on Peter Stone, a Professor at the University of Texas Austin and the COO and co-founder of Cogitai, Inc.
Peter Stone’s Bio
Dr. Peter Stone is the David Bruton, Jr. Centennial Professor and Associate Chair of Computer Science, as well as Chair of the Robotics Portfolio Program, at the University of Texas at Austin. In 2013 he was awarded the University of Texas System Regents’ Outstanding Teaching Award and in 2014 he was inducted into the UT Austin Academy of Distinguished Teachers, earning him the title of University Distinguished Teaching Professor. Professor Stone’s research interests in Artificial Intelligence include machine learning (especially reinforcement learning), multiagent systems, robotics, and e-commerce. Professor Stone received his Ph.D in Computer Science in 1998 from Carnegie Mellon University. From 1999 to 2002 he was a Senior Technical Staff Member in the Artificial Intelligence Principles Research Department at AT&T Labs – Research. He is an Alfred P. Sloan Research Fellow, Guggenheim Fellow, AAAI Fellow, Fulbright Scholar, and 2004 ONR Young Investigator. In 2003, he won an NSF CAREER award for his proposed long term research on learning agents in dynamic, collaborative, and adversarial multiagent environments, in 2007 he received the prestigious IJCAI Computers and Thought Award, given biannually to the top AI researcher under the age of 35, and in 2016 he was awarded the ACM/SIGAI Autonomous Agents Research Award.
How did you become interested in AI?
The first I remember becoming interested in AI was on a field trip to the University of Buffalo when I was in Middle School or early High School (I don’t remember which). The students rotated through a number of science labs and one of the ones I ended up in was a computer science “lab.” The thing that stands out in my mind is the professor showing us pictures of various shapes such as triangles and squares, pointing out how easy it was for us to distinguish them, but then asserting that nobody knew how to write a computer program to do so (to date myself, this must have been the mid ’80s). I had already started programming computers, but this got me interested in the concept of modeling intelligence with computers.
What made you decide the time was right for an AI startup?
Reinforcement learning has been a relatively “niche” area of AI since I became interested in it my first year of graduate school. But with recent advances, I became convinced that now was the time to move to the next level and work on problems that are only possible to attack in a commercial setting.
How did I become convinced? For that, I owe the credit to Mark Ring, one of my co-founders at Cogitai. He and I met at the first NIPS conference I attended back in the mid ’90s. We’ve stayed in touch intermittently. But then in the fall of 2014 he visited Austin and got in touch. He pitched the idea to me of starting a company based on continual learning, and it just made sense.
What professional achievement are you most proud of?
I’m made proud over and over again by the achievements of my students and postdocs. I’ve been very fortunate to work with a phenomenal group of individuals, both technically and personally. Nothing makes me happier than seeing each succeed in his or her own way, and to think that I played some small role in it.
What do you wish you had known as a Ph.D. student or early researcher?
It’s cliche, but it’s true. There’s no better time of life than when you’re a Ph.D. student. You have the freedom to pursue one idea that you’re passionate about to the greatest possible, with very few other responsibilities. You don’t have the status, appreciation, or salary that you deserve and that you’ll eventually inevitably get. And yes, there are pressures. But your job is to learn and to change the world in some small way. I didn’t appreciate it when I was a student even though my advisor (Manuela Veloso) told me. And I don’t expect my students to believe me when I tell them now. But over time I hope they come to appreciate it as I have. I loved my time as a Ph.D. student. But if I had known how many aspects of that time of life would be fleeting, I may have appreciated it even more.
What would you have chosen as your career if you hadn’t gone into AI?
I have no idea. When I graduated from the University of Chicago as an undergrad, I applied to 4 CS Ph.D. programs, the Peace Corps, and Teach for America. CMU was the only Ph.D. program that admitted me. So I probably would have done the Peace Corps or Teach for America. Who knows where that would have led me?
What is a “typical” day like for you?
I live a very full life. Every day I spend as much time with my family as they’ll let me (teenagers….) and get some sort of exercise (usually either soccer, swimming, running, or biking). I also play my violin about 3-4 times per week. I schedule those things, and other aspects of my social life, and then work in all my “free” time. That usually means catching up on email in the morning, attending meetings with students and colleagues either in person or by skype, reading articles, and editing students’ papers. And I work late at night and on weekends when there’s no “fun” scheduled. But really, there’s no “typical” day. Some days I’m consumed with reading; others with proposal writing; others with negotiations with prospective employees; others with university politics; others with event organization; others with coming up with new ideas to burning problems.
I do a lot of multitasking, and I’m no better at it than anyone else. But I’m never bored.
How do you balance being involved in so many different aspects of the AI community?
I don’t know. I have many interests and I can’t help but pursue them all. And I multitask.
What is your favorite CS or AI-related movie or book and why?
Rather than a book, I’ll choose an author. As a teenager, I read Isaac Asimov’s books voratiously – both his fiction (of course “I, Robot” made an impression, but the Foundation series was always my favorite), and his non-fiction. He influenced my thoughts and imagination greatly.
Today’s blog post seeks to focus on, and initiate a discussion about, the current administration’s positions on AI R&D support and public policies. We would like to know SIGAI members’ views on the important areas of concern for AI-related policies.
Miles Brundage and Joanna Bryson argued in August 2016 (see Smart Policies for Artificial Intelligence) that a de facto artificial intelligence policy already exists: “a patchwork of policies impacting the field of AI’s development in myriad ways. The key question related to AI policy, then, is not whether AI should be governed at all, but how it is currently being governed, and how that governance might become more informed, integrated, effective, and anticipatory.”
Some potential implications of AI for society involve the speed of change due to advances in AI technology; loss of individual control and privacy; job destruction due to automation; and the need for laws and public policy on AI technology’s role in the transformation of society. An important point is that, compared to the industrial revolution, AI’s impact is happening much faster and at a much larger scale of use than past technological advances. Organizations need to recognize the likelihood of disruption of operations that will happen whether or not change is intentional and planned.
In our current environment, we need to examine the extent of the new administration’s understanding of AI technology and the need for policies, laws, and planning. So far, not much information is available — from specifics about who will be the head of the National Highway Traffic Safety Agency (NHTSA), the main federal agency that regulates car safety, to the administration’s view of time scales. For example, the administration may take the position that AI will not cause job losses for many decades, which view could distort assumptions about labor market trends and lead to policy mistakes. These views on the future of AI could impact policies that promote programs to promote entrepreneurship and job creation. A few days ago an executive order established the American Technology Council with an initial focus on information technology. The status of the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy is not available on the OSTP Website. AI technology and applications will continue to grow rapidly, but whether or not public policy will keep pace is in doubt.